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ARPN Journal of Science and Technology >> Volume 7, Issue 2, November 2017

ARPN Journal of Science and Technology

Effects of Replacing Wheat Bran with Dried Ground Citrus Peel in Urea Molasses Block for Feeding Lactating Dairy Cows

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Author Tahira Shaheen, Altaf-ur-Rehman, Nadar khan, Faiz ul Hassan, Aisha Bashir, Ihsan Uddin
ISSN 2225-7217
On Pages 30-38
Volume No. 7
Issue No. 2
Issue Date November 01, 2017
Publishing Date November 01, 2017
Keywords Citrus, Molasses block, Wheat bran, Cows


For the research trial a total of twelve lactating dairy Holstein Friesian cows were randomly selected and divided into 4 groups as; T-0, T-25, T-50 and T-100 supplemented with UMB having 0%, 25%, 50% and 100% substitution of wheat bran with citrus peel, respectively. Daily total mix ration (TMR), UMB and total feed intake on fresh basis was not significantly (p>0.05) effected. However, numerically maximum daily TMR intake was observed in T-100 followed by T-50 and T-25. Maximum daily total feed intake was recorded for group T-100. On dry matter (DM) basis TMR, UMB and total DM intake was also not significantly (p>0.05) effected. Maximum value for TMR and total feed intake was observed in T-100 while UMB intake on DM basis was observed high in group T-50 and lower in group T-100. The milk yield was not significantly (p>0.05) effected. But maximum increase in total milk yield was observed in group T-50 and T-100. No significant effect was found on milk components in all the treated groups. Mean UMB cost per cow was significantly higher in T-0 while lowest UMB cost was recorded in group T-100. Gross return and income over UMB cost was not statistically different. Group T-100 had high income over UMB cost among all the groups followed by T-50. From the outcome of present study, it is concluded on economical basis that citrus peel can replace 100% of wheat bran in urea molasses block for feeding to lactating dairy cows.

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