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ARPN Journal of Science and Technology >> Volume 7, Issue 1, January 2017

ARPN Journal of Science and Technology


Tests of Quality of Some Products of Sachet Water in Ogoja, Cross River State, Nigeria

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Author Okorafor K.A, Eleng I.E, Ogah J.O
ISSN 2225-7217
On Pages 647-653
Volume No. 4
Issue No. 11
Issue Date December 01, 2014
Publishing Date December 01, 2014
Keywords Sachet Water, Ogoja, Tests, Cross River State, Quality, Nigeria



Abstract

This study was designed to determine the quality of some sachet water products in Ogoja Local Government Area using the World Health Organization (WHO) acceptable standards for drinking water. Ten different (newly produced) products of sachet water were randomly selected from the Local Government on each sampling occasion. The water samples were then subjected to physical, chemical and microbial analysis. The physical-chemical components examined included pH, temperature, conductivity, turbidity, manganese, total hardness, nitrate, nitrite, magnesium, calcium, lead, zinc, copper, total suspended solid, aluminum, iron, fluoride, color, chloride, salinity and total dissolved solids. The microbial examination was for total and faecal coliform counts using multiple tube fermentation. Results revealed that all the different sachet water products sampled deviated from the WHO standards. The concentration of the micro and macro elements were significantly different (P<0.05) from the WHO recommended benchmark. The total and faecal coliform counts were significantly higher than the required standard. The findings of this study deduce that sachet water samples examined, do not meet microbiological standards for drinking water quality. This therefore suggests that sachet water products sold and consumed in Ogoja are not safe for drinking as they contain pathogenic organisms that can cause diseases to consumers. National surveillance agencies such as National Agency for Food and Drugs Administration and Control (NAFDAC) and Standard Organization of Nigeria (SON) need to monitor and enforce compliance with the constituted standards for drinking water.


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