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ARPN Journal of Science and Technology >> Volume 7, Issue 1, January 2017

ARPN Journal of Science and Technology


Access to Safe Water Supply and Sanitation in Lower Orashi River Basin, Rivers State, Nigeria

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Author Arokoyu S.B., Ukpere D.R.T
ISSN 2225-7217
On Pages 639-646
Volume No. 4
Issue No. 11
Issue Date December 01, 2014
Publishing Date December 01, 2014
Keywords Access, challenges, development, safe water, sanitation, water supply



Abstract

This study was aimed at examining the main constraints to safe water supply and sanitation in Lower Orashi River Basin System, Rivers state; with a view to provide the best solution through the adoption of a procedural and analytical model. The study adopted the spatial analysis approach using field surveys, laboratory analysis of water samples; and the use of 2,500 copies of questionnaire on 2,500 households within 50 sampled communities. Six research questions and one hypothesis guided the study. The study revealed that the main sources of drinking water in the area includes borehole water, hand-dug wells, rivers, burrow-pits, rainwater, and sachet water. There is both an unequal and low access to safe water supply and sanitation; mean distance to main sources of water supply in the area is 0.31km (310m); also access to water supply coverage is 31%, and sanitation 22%. The main constraints to safe water supply and sanitation in the area include environmental pollution and water quality failures, mechanical/technical failures, hydro-geologic/hydraulic failures, power outage, lack of proper environmental audit, and unstable government policies. The study therefore recommends the adoption of the SSWS/PG-model in order to promote the development of the area and ensures improved access to safe water and sanitation.


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