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ARPN Journal of Science and Technology >> Volume 7, Issue 1, January 2017

ARPN Journal of Science and Technology


Effect of Plant Spacing and Variety on Performance of Rain-Fed Pearl Millet (Pennisetum Glaucum l) Grown on Two Soil Types at Zalingei Area, Sudan

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Author Kamal, I. Adam, Siddig, A. Mohamed Ali, Ali, H. Bahar, Thabit, A. Hassan
ISSN 2225-7217
On Pages 512-517
Volume No. 3
Issue No. 5
Issue Date June 01, 2013
Publishing Date June 01, 2013
Keywords Plant spacing. Variety .rain fed. Pearl millet



Abstract

Two field experiments were conducted at the University of Zalingei demonstration farm, Zalingei, Sudan, during 2005 rainy season, to investigate the effect of plant spacing and variety on performance of rain-fed pearl millet and to invent crop pests and diseases. Two locations of different soil types (sandy loam and clay loam) were chosen for the study, treatments consist of three plants spacing (50,70and 90 cm), with 70 cm inter-row spacing. And four millet varieties (Dembi from North Darfur, Bauoda and Drmsa ( local names ) and Improved Dembi were used Treatments were arranged in split plot design replicated four times with plant spacing in the main plots and varieties in the subplots. For the pests and diseases inventory the growing season was divided into three periods (early season, middle of the season and late season). Results revealed that plant spacing had no significant effect on most of growth parameters except leaf area at location 1, where 90 cm plant spacing recorded the highest leaf area (165.8 cm2), where as 50 cm plant spacing gave the lowest leaf area (136.4 cm2), also results revealed that plant spacing had no significant effect on yield parameters except the 1000 grain weight and yield. On the other hand results indicated that the variety had significant effect (P= 0.05) on plant height, leaf area and stem diameter at location 2 .Drmsa and Bauda are tall varieties, however, North Darfur Dembi and Improved Dembi are short varieties. Results showed that variety had significant (P= 0.05) effect on most of yield attributes and yield. ND gave the highest yield at location 1(356.4 k/ fed) whereas, Drmsa the highest at location 2 (353.2 kg/ fed). Results showed that pearl millet was infected by many pests and few diseases and the spread of pests and diseases was affected by the growth stage, also the results showed that varieties were different in disease resistance, Drmsa recorded the highest foliage disease at early sowing date (41%) whereas, North Darfur Dembi infection was 30.9% but at late sowing date North Darfur Dembi recorded the higher infection percentage 36.1% and Bauoda recorded the lowest infection percentage (16.8%).More research with different varieties, different plant spacing, under different rain fall conditions should be done to find out the most suitable plant spacing and to get maximum benefit from the main yield limiting factors in the area.


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