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ARPN Journal of Science and Technology >> Volume 7, Issue 1, January 2017

ARPN Journal of Science and Technology


Socio-Economic and Climatic Factors that Influence Pastoralists’ Perception on Natural Rangel and Resources in Butana Area, Sudan

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Author Hala Ahmed Hassan Mohammed, Abdelaziz Abdelfattah Hashim, Babo Fadlalla
ISSN 2225-7217
On Pages 283-289
Volume No. 3
Issue No. 3
Issue Date April 01, 2013
Publishing Date April 01, 2013
Keywords Natural rangeland, drought, overgrazing, expansion of agriculture, soil erosion, land degradation, desertification



Abstract

Semi-arid areas cover a large part of the Earth’s surface. They are characterized by low and highly variable precipitation. Livestock grazing is the predominant type of land use, providing livelihood for more than a billion people. Yet, income from livestock grazing is associated with large uncertainties, as productivity of the pastures depends strongly on the low and highly variable precipitation (Behnke et al. 1993, Sullivan and Rhode, 2002).Droughts and shortage of rainfall devastated the area during the last three decades of the past century. Misuse of land including, over-grazing, expansion of agriculture and cutting of trees, led to deterioration of natural rangeland resources in the area manifested in observed changes in vegetation cover and range plants’ botanical composition. This study aimed to identify some socio-economic and climatic factors that influence pastoralists’ perception on the condition of natural rangeland resources. A random sample of 407 pastoralists’ households in Butana area was chosen to collect primary data. Both descriptive statistics and econometric model were used for data analysis. Logit model was employed to identify the socioeconomic factors that influence pastoralists’ perceptions towards natural rangeland resources. There was a negative influence relationship between dry season and condition of rangeland, but the coefficient was not statistically significant. A negative and significant relationship was found between herd size (number of heads) and condition of rangeland. There was negative and significant relationship between soil erosion and improved rangeland. On the other hand negative relationship was found between expansion of agriculture and improved rangeland, but the coefficient was not statistically significant.


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