Analysis of Perceived Effect of Climate Change and Adaptation among Cocoa Farmers in Ikwuano Local Government Area of Abia State, Nigeria
|Author||Nwankwo C. Godswill, Nwaobiala C. Udo, O.O. Ekumankama and Ekweanya Ndidiamaka|
|Issue Date||February 01, 2017|
|Publishing Date||February 01, 2017|
|Keywords||Perception, effect, climate, climate change, adaptation, cocoa, farmer|
The study analysed perceived effects of climate change and adaptation strategies among cocoa farmers in Ikwuano Local Government Area of Abia State, Nigeria. Multi-stage random sampling technique was used in selecting one hundred and ten cocoa farmers. Instrument for data collection was through a structured questionnaire and analysed using both descriptive and inferential statistics. The results revealed that the cocoa farmer’s population was young with a mean age of 36.70 years. About half (50.0%) and 22.7% of the respondents used household labour and hired labour respectively in their plantations. The mean farming experience of the respondents was 17.90 years, with mean farm size of 4.7 hectares and annual mean farm income of N 503927.273. Farmers perceived that high rainfall (X ¯=3.07), reduced weight (X ¯=2.84), high disease infection (X ¯=2.76), reduced quality (X ¯=2.75), and high sunshine (X ¯=2.56) had effects on cocoa production. Cocoa farmers frequently used application of chemicals (X ¯=3.30), pruning and chupon growth (X ¯=3.15) and intercropping (X ¯=3.11), change varieties and coppicing (X ¯=3.00), shedding technique during nursery and first two years of transplanting (X ¯=2.85), lift irrigation system and increase in price of cocoa per bag (X ¯=2.84) respectively, switch to other sources of income (X ¯=2.59) and spending more money on disease prevention. Multiple regression result showed that age, household labour, hired labour, farm size, farm income, farming experience and rainfall were determination of effects of climate change among cocoa farmers in the study area. It was recommended that cocoa farmers should be trained in seminars on climate change and mitigation, chemical application, processing and storage technologies for increased cocoa production.