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ARPN Journal of Science and Technology


Juridical Analysis on the Consistency of the Indonesian Law Number 25 of 1992 on Cooperatives with Universal Cooperation Principle

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Author Romli Arsad, Rinny Dewi Anggraeni
ISSN 2225-7217
On Pages 17-26
Volume No. 5
Issue No. 1
Issue Date February 01, 2015
Publishing Date February 01, 2015
Keywords Indonesian law, UCP, ideological function, cooperative policies



Abstract

In its history as an institution cooperative was triggered to borne by "economic-based" conflict in Europe between socialists and capitalists. As the result of the conflict, a group of people which marginalized economically arose and form an economic vehicle called cooperative. Thus, from the early beginning until now, cooperative becomes an effort to improve the well-being in the economic section. Cooperative is an Economic vehicle. However, cooperative has variously interpreted when it came to Indonesia. Without intending to debate the Indonesian founding fathers hearting at that time, they a priori proclaimed that most suitable economic vehicle for Indonesians social-culture condition are cooperative. Therefore as an economic vehicle in Indonesia, cooperative are appropriately recommended and being include in the 1945 Constitution. The Consequence when include an enterprise which actually a business enterprise in 1945 Constitution is ideological friction. Since the old order as well as the new order, it is proven and turn in its implementation that cooperative policy is always directed as political-ideological mouthpiece of the ruling regime. Cooperative which should be function as an economic vehicle, to empower and improve society economic welfare based on economic principles, apparently used as a tool to follow the political line of the incumbent regime. In the old order period, cooperative must be in the Nasakom corridor and in the new order period with the trilogy development. In 1992, the Cooperatives Policy that compatible with the universal cooperative identity, basically can be told as an embryo that tried to herd the Indonesian cooperatives to be placed and purely enforced as an economic vehicle.


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