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ARPN Journal of Science and Technology >> Volume 7, Issue 1, January 2017

ARPN Journal of Science and Technology


Flame Retardant Effects on Flexible Polyurethane Foam Treated with Potassium Aluminum Sulphate

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Author Onuegbu T.U., Umoh E.T, Iwuchukwu I.E.
ISSN 2225-7217
On Pages 1097-1102
Volume No. 2
Issue No. 11
Issue Date January 01, 2013
Publishing Date January 01, 2013
Keywords Flame retardant, Flexible, Polyether, Foam



Abstract

The effectiveness of potassium aluminum sulphate (alum) as flame retardant was studied by incorporating varying concentrations of it: 0%, 0.1%, 0.2%, 0.3%, 0.4% and 0.5% in the foam recipes. Fire characteristics of the foam samples produced were investigated and the results compared with the control. Results of the investigation showed that as the concentration of potassium aluminum sulphate increases, the ignition time, add-on, and char formation increases while the flame propagation rate and afterglow time decreases. Thermal behavior of the foam samples were also determined using thermo gravimetric analyzer. Results show that the novel flame retardant in the foam samples delayed the onset of degradation time and also high activation energy was required for the burning of the foam samples


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