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ARPN Journal of Science and Technology >> Volume 7, Issue 1, January 2017

ARPN Journal of Science and Technology


Integrating Technology in Higher Education

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Author Patrick Mutanga, Constantine Munhande
ISSN 2225-7217
On Pages 1125-1131
Volume No. 3
Issue No. 12
Issue Date January 01, 2013
Publishing Date January 01, 2013
Keywords Technology, Integration, Higher Education, Implications



Abstract

The field of education in general and the higher education sector in particular is reaching a point at which Science and Technology is playing a vital role. In nearly every phase of the educational process, technology, especially Information and Communication Technology (ICT), plays an important role. The advent of internet has greatly enhanced the role of ICT in instructional design and delivery. This has impacted positively on the Higher Education Sector in Zimbabwe. Tertiary institutions use computers and the internet extensively to improve the quality of teaching as well as in research. This paper focuses on how the integration of ICT into teaching has impacted on the higher education sector in Zimbabwe. It highlights the various impacts of ICT on contemporary Higher education practices and explores potential future developments. The paper suggests the fact that the higher education teacher generally operates in an ICT rich environment can be key in enhancing the capacity of the higher education teacher to engage positively, collaboratively and critically with the growth of learning technologies. It also provides a brief analysis of policy developments on issues such as e-education. Data was collected mainly through a review of recent selected Zimbabwean and international teaching and learning practice which is increasingly becoming ICT based. Reference is also made to wide debates about the enhancement of student achievement through the use ICT in education. The findings show that there are a number of benefits accrued from the use of ICT in instructional design and delivery in the higher education sector. Successful implementation of ICT backed instructional design requires linking teaching activities to the various software applications used for online learning. Embedding ICT in the science and technology disciplines has its own limitations especially on the experimental and practical side. This paper highlights some of these challenges and also highlights some practical way of doing this which can be adopted and introduced into the science and technology curricula. The paper also highlights the fact that ICT technology has effect of raising student motivation and interest in the learning process since it builds upon the studentís natural appreciation of computer and internet technology. The paper concludes that technology has revolutionized the field of education, especially in the tertiary sector hence it encourages the development of institutionalized e-learning platforms and other ICT based teaching and learning programs. It also recommends training of university teachers in the use of e-learning in instructional design and delivery


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