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ARPN Journal of Science and Technology >> Volume 7, Issue 2, November 2017

ARPN Journal of Science and Technology

Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies against Climate Change by Women Cooperatives in Umuahia North Local Government Area, of Abia State

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Author Leo. O. Obinna
ISSN 2225-7217
On Pages 1168-1173
Volume No. 3
Issue No. 12
Issue Date January 01, 2014
Publishing Date January 01, 2014
Keywords Climate change, Women cooperatives, Adaptation and Mitigation.


Adaptation and mitigation strategies adopted by members of Women Cooperatives in Umuahia North LGA of Abia State were assessed through structured questionnaire and focus group discussion. Sample size of 180 respondents was selected through multi- stage random sampling technique. Data generated were analyzed using descriptive statistics. Results showed that 88.9 % of the respondents were married, 66.7 % were within the age brackets of 27 55 years while, 44.4 and 38.9 % of the respondents were farmers and traders respectively. About, eighty eight percent of the households had household size of 1 6 persons but 50 % of the respondents earned monthly income of N10,000.00 N15,000.00. About 66.6 % of the respondents had between 5 10 years farming experience, 55.5 % had farm sizes ranging from 0.2 2 ha. Majority, (72.2 %) of the respondents had their sources of information on climate change through the media. About, 44.4 % and 50 % of the respondents got their information through cooperative societies and extension agents respectively. Respondents perceived effects of climate change as prolonged droughts, early cessation of rainfall, genetic erosion of important forests species, flooding, prolonged rainy season and excessive heat. Tree planting, cover cropping, diversification of livelihood activities, affiliation to other bodies, affiliation and registration to national bodies, mixed farming, and use of improved early maturity varieties were adopted. Results further, showed that lack of funds, cultural issues, ( Slashing and burning of farms), lack of interest, lack of awareness and lack of legislation were factors influencing adaptation and mitigation process. The study recommends that Governments and other stakeholders in the champagne on climate change should increase intensity on awareness, laws on climate change should be enacted and finally, women should be empowered to be more proactive on issues of climate change since they are expert in home management and environmental resources.

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