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ARPN Journal of Science and Technology >> Volume 7, Issue 2, November 2017

ARPN Journal of Science and Technology

Livelihood Assessment in Darfur IDP Camps: A Case Study Abushouk IDPs Women, North Darfur, Western Sudan

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Author Somia Ibrahim Abdallah
ISSN 2225-7217
On Pages 489-497
Volume No. 4
Issue No. 8
Issue Date September 01, 2014
Publishing Date September 01, 2014
Keywords Livelihood, Darfur, IDPs Camp, Sudan


The people of Darfur are caught up in a conflict resulting from years of marginalization, resource-based disputes over land and water, and political/military engagement. The marginalization of the conflict affected population already deprived of their original livelihood sources has only increased, pushing them to the edge of the food insecurity. The conflict in 2003 has only further aggravated the stressed livelihood situations in Darfur. Never before in the history of Darfur has there been such a combination of factors causing the failure of livelihood strategies and the loss of assets. These factors include systematic asset-stripping, production failures, market failures, failures to access of natural resources and constraints on the remittances of the migrant workers. This study tries to investigate the impacts of the current conflict in Darfur on livelihood of Abushouk IDPs women and the new livelihood strategies they adopt. Also to identify the challenges Abushouk IDPs women face The method used: - 1. Literature review and secondary data related to the theme. 2. Own researcher field observation, interviews through questionnaires for the primary data. 3. Discussions with individuals and groups. The main results are: Aboshouk IDPs women depends mainly on agriculture as a main source of livelihood before the conflict beside trade and animal raring, trade ( especially petty trade) is the main source of income post conflict. As a result of conflict on their income61.7% of the respondent their income was decreases, and 29.2% their income change and decrease. The negative effects of the civil strife on IDPs Women in Abushouk includes: losses of housing and assets, losses of markets and source of income, destruction of basic infrastructure, losses of economic livelihood opportunities, displacement and family dislocation, pressure on services. Women may turn to illegal activities, which provide lucrative opportunities, but can carry a high risk of violence. High level of insecurity persists around the IDP camps, make IDPs afraid of attacks and fear losing their lives causing the IDPs to remain confined to the IDP camps affecting their livelihood activities, the challenges that Abushouk IDPs women faced during conflict and after displacement related to: Providing staple food for their families, Finding suitable work (job opportunities), Difficulty in access to services due to the large number of IDPs (crowded) and limit of the services and insecurity in and outside the camp (security is the basic dimension in livelihood sustainability). Through discussions the study found that the youth women have the desire to change and high ability to forget sad memories to cope with the new situation more than older ones. The study recommended 1.Providing security in and outside the camp help IDPs to return to their home land voluntary.2Ensuring security of livelihoods, access to economic activities, provide adequate training on survival skills, health issues, leadership, introduce and support vocational training opportunities3.Improvement of credit system helps IDPs women to create new income generating activities to improve their livelihoods (there is entrepreneurial spirit and desire for self-reliance).

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