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ARPN Journal of Science and Technology >> Volume 7, Issue 1, January 2017

ARPN Journal of Science and Technology


Effect of Sowing Date and Variety on Growth and Yield of Pearl Millet (Pennisetum Glaucum l.) Grown on Two Soil Types Under Rain - Fed Condition at Zalingei Area in Sudan

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Author Siddig A. Mohamed Ali, Kamal I. Adam, Ali H. Bahar, Thabit A. Hassan
ISSN 2225-7217
On Pages 340-344
Volume No. 3
Issue No. 4
Issue Date May 01, 2013
Publishing Date May 01, 2013
Keywords Sowing date. Variety .rain fed. Pearl millet



Abstract

Two field experiments were conducted at the University of Zalingei demonstration farm, Zalingei, Sudan, during 2005 rainy season, to investigate the effect of sowing date and variety on growth and yield of pearl millet under rain fed condition and to assessment crop pests and diseases Two locations of different soil types ( sandy loam and clay loam ) were chosen for the study ,two sowing dates (15th of July as early sowing date and 1st of August as late sowing date ) and four millet varieties ( Dembi from North Darfur, Improved Dembi,Bauoda and Drmsa ( local names )were used Treatments were arranged in split plot design replicated four times with sowing dates in the main plots and varieties in the subplots. For the pests and diseases assessment the growing season was divided into three periods (first, middle and end of the season). Results showed that the early sowing date resulted in significant (P= 0.05) number of leaves / plant (25.6) compared with late sowing date (22.2), whereas sowing date had no significant effect on other growth attributes but the early sowing date produced tall plants at the two sites (132.1, 117.9 cm) successfully. The results also indicated that the variety had a significant effect (P= 0.05) on plant height. The results showed significant difference (P= 0.05) between the two sowing dates in number of days to maturity, whereas the plants grown earlier were reached maturity stage earlier than late plants at the two sites, on the other hand results indicated that the variety had significant effect (P= 0.05) on most crop yield component whereas, results showed insignificant interaction between sowing dates and varieties. Results showed that pearl millet was infected by many pests and few diseases and the spread of pests and diseases was affected by the growth stage, also the results showed that varieties were different in disease resistance Drmsa recorded the highest level of foliage disease incidence at early sowing date (41%) whereas, North Darfur Dembi recorded 30.9% but at late sowing date North Darfur Dembi recorded the higher infestation percentage 36.1% and Bauoda recorded the lowest infestation percentage (16.8%).With regard to soil type, results showed that disease incidence on pearl millet were found to be high in case of location 2 than in location 1. Beside the above mentioned pests and diseases, results also showed that there was high infestation of Buda ( Striga hermontheca ) among the pearl millet crop.


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